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ADT before HDR brachy boost no benefit to high risk men

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Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2006;9(3):245-53. Epub 2006 Jun 20.

High-dose radiation employing external beam radiotherapy and high-dose rate brachytherapy with and without neoadjuvant androgen deprivation for prostate cancer patients with intermediate- and high-risk features.

Vargas C, Martínez A, Galalae R, Demanes J, Harsolia A, Schour L, Nuernberg N, Gonzalez J.

Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA.

The role of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation (NAD) in high-risk prostate cancer patients receiving high-dose radiotherapy (RT) remains unstudied. To evaluate the effect of a course of NAD, we reviewed the experiences of three institutions treating these patients with combined RT and high-dose rate brachytherapy (HDR). Of 1260 prostate cancer patients with high-risk features (pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) > or =10, Gleason Score (GS) > or =7, or T stage > or =T2b), 560 received no NAD (n=308) or NAD for < or =6 months (n=252). Median dose to the prostate from RT and HDR was 42 and 23 Gy, respectively. Average total biologic equivalent prostate dose was >100 Gy (alpha/beta=1.2). Median follow-up was 4.3 years. Pretreatment characteristics were similar on chi(2) tables for all 560 patients treated with or without NAD including pretreatment PSA (P=0.11), GS (P=0.4), and clinical T stage (P=0.2). Outcomes worsened for patients receiving NAD (5-year distant metastasis (DM) 10 vs 5% (P=0.04); cause-specific survival (CSS), 93 vs 98% (P=0.005)). Higher 5-year DM rates and lower CSS occurred in NAD patients with a GS between 8 and 10 (n=112 (P=0.03, P=0.02)), pretreatment PSA> or =15 (n=136 (P=0.03, P=0.008)), and palpable disease > or =T2a (n=434 (P=0.04, P=0.02)). The only two significant risk factors for DM on Cox multivariate analysis were GS (P=0.003, HR 2.8) and NAD (P=0.03, HR 2.7). AD given before definitive high-dose RT did not benefit prostate cancer patients with intermediate- and high-risk features. We favor the use of concurrent/adjuvant AD over prolonged NAD for prostate cancer patients for whom AD is clinically indicated.

PMID: 16786040 Forum: Other prostate cancer topics including radiation Title: ADT before HDR brachy boost no benefit to intermediate and high risk men

This extract can be found on http://PubMed.com, and is in the public domain.

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