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Big difference between RT at 78Gy and at 70Gy


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Long-term failure patterns and survival in a randomized dose-escalation trial for prostate cancer. Who dies of disease? - Abstract Show Comments PDF Print E-mail

Tuesday, 15 June 2010

Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

To report long-term failure patterns and survival in a randomized radiotherapy dose escalation trial for prostate cancer.

A total of 301 patients with Stage T1b-T3 prostate cancer treated to 70 Gy versus 78 Gy now have a median follow-up of 9 years. Failure patterns and survival were compared between dose levels. The cumulative incidence of death from prostate cancer versus other causes was examined and regression analysis was used to establish predictive factors.

Patients with pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >10 ng/mL or high-risk disease had higher biochemical and clinical failures rates when treated to 70 Gy. These patients also had a significantly higher risk of dying of prostate cancer. Patients < 70 years old at treatment died of prostate cancer nearly three times more frequently than of other causes when they were radiated to 70 Gy, whereas those treated to 78 Gy died of other causes more frequently. Patients age 70 or older treated to 70 Gy died of prostate cancer as often as other causes, and those receiving 78 Gy never died of prostate cancer within 10 years of follow-up. In regression analysis, factors predicting for death from prostate cancer were pretreatment PSA >10.5 ng/mL, Gleason score 9 and 10, recurrence within 2.6 years of radiation, and doubling time of < 3.6 months at the time of recurrence.

Moderate dose escalation (78 Gy) decreases biochemical and clinical failure as well as prostate cancer death in patients with pretreatment PSA >10 ng/mL or high-risk disease.

Written by:

Kuban DA, Levy LB, Cheung MR, Lee AK, Choi S, Frank S, Pollack A. Are you the author?

Reference: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2010 May 20. Epub ahead of print.

doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.01.006

PubMed Abstract

PMID: 20493642 Forum: Very high risk Title: Big difference between RT at 78Gy and at 70Gy

This extract can be found on http://PubMed.com, and is in the public domain.

On PubMed.com there will be a link to the full paper (often $30, sometimes free).

Any highlighting (except the title) is not by the author, but by Jim Marshall.

Jim is not a doctor.

This page was found on the Advanced Prostate Cancer Community for Australian men at http://advancedprost...lia.ipbhost.com.

The link is hard to remember.

An easier way to find it is to go to JimJimJimJim.com and click on Prostate.

That's the word Jim four times, no spaces, followed by .com.

If you need other help - to perhaps find someone to talk to or a local support group:

Click on the Contact Jim button at http://JimJimJimJim.com.

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