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In BPH, changing 5alpha-reductase inhibitors raises PSA


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Consequences of switching 5alpha-reductase inhibitors on prostate specific antigen velocity - Abstract Show Comments PDF Print E-mail


Thursday, 10 June 2010

Department of Urology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

The 5alpha-reductase inhibitors improve urinary symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia, deter benign prostatic hyperplasia progression and provide prostate cancer chemoprevention. Currently there are a number of 5alpha-reductase inhibitor formularies, including ProscarĀ®, generic finasteride and dutasteride. While all formularies decrease serum prostate specific antigen (a proxy for prostate volume), they may not accomplish this to the same degree, which may have dramatic effects on prostate specific antigen kinetics in men changing 5alpha-reductase inhibitor formularies. We examined prostate specific antigen velocity after changes in 5alpha-reductase inhibitor formularies.

We identified patients treated with 2 or more 5alpha-reductase inhibitor formularies who had sufficient prostate specific antigen values to calculate prostate specific antigen velocity during each 5alpha-reductase inhibitor treatment. Patient data were grouped depending on the formularies received. Statistical analysis was done to compare prostate specific antigen velocity at various time points while on different 5alpha-reductase inhibitors.

Eight men changed from dutasteride to generic finasteride (group 1), 21 changed from dutasteride to Proscar (group 2), 49 changed from Proscar to dutasteride (group 3) and 77 changed from Proscar to generic finasteride (group 4). We noted a significant increase in prostate specific antigen velocity in groups 1 and 2 (p < 0.05), and 4 (p < 0.005). The increase was greater than 0.35 ng/ml per year, the common cutoff for prostate biopsy recommendations, in more than a third of patients.

Results confirm that changing 5alpha-reductase inhibitors drugs can be associated with a clinically significant change in prostate specific antigen velocity. These prostate specific antigen velocity changes could place patients at risk for unnecessary prostate biopsy. Additional prospective studies are warranted.

Written by:

Helfand BT, Blackwell RH, McVary KT. Are you the author?

Reference: J Urol. 2010 May 16. Epub ahead of print.

doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2010.03.020

PubMed Abstract

PMID: 20483154 Forum: Secondary hormone therapy Title: In BPH, changing 5alpha-reductase inhibitors raises PSA

This extract can be found on http://PubMed.com, and is in the public domain.

On PubMed.com there will be a link to the full paper (often $30, sometimes free).

Any highlighting (except the title) is not by the author, but by Jim Marshall.

Jim is not a doctor.

This page was found on the Advanced Prostate Cancer Community for Australian men at http://advancedprost...lia.ipbhost.com.

The link is hard to remember.

An easier way to find it is to go to JimJimJimJim.com and click on Prostate.

That's the word Jim four times, no spaces, followed by .com.

If you need other help - to perhaps find someone to talk to or a local support group:

Click on the Contact Jim button at http://JimJimJimJim.com.

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