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In intermittent ADT, first off-treatment period <40 weeks


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Duration of first off-treatment interval is prognostic for time to castration resistance and death in men with biochemical relapse of prostate cancer treated on a prospective trial of intermittent androgen deprivation -

Thursday, 06 May 2010

University of Washington; Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle; Providence Regional Cancer Partnership, Everett, WA.

The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; and University Medical Center, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV.

This was an exploratory analysis of a trial of intermittent androgen deprivation (IAD) in men with biochemical relapse (BR) to establish first cycle characteristics prognostic for progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and death.

Men with BR of prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiation (RT) were treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) comprised of leuprolide and flutamide. After 9 months on treatment, ADT was stopped, and monthly prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels were observed during the off-treatment interval. When the PSA reached a threshold value (1 ng/mL for RP, 4 ng/mL for RT), ADT was resumed in a new cycle. Patients were treated intermittently in this manner until CRPC, which was defined as >/= two consecutive increasing PSA values while on ADT with castrate testosterone levels.

Seventy-two of 100 patients enrolled onto the study met criteria for this analysis. The duration of the first off-treatment interval ( 40 weeks) was associated with shorter time to CRPC (hazard ratio = 2.9; 95% CI, 1.1 to 7.7; P = .03) and death (hazard ratio = 3.8; 95% CI, 1.1 to 13.6; P = .04) after adjusting for age, stage, grade, and PSA at diagnosis.

In patients who completed the first cycle of IAD, a duration of the first off-treatment interval of < /= 40 weeks defines a subset of patients at higher risk of CRPC and death. Conversely, patients with an off-treatment interval of more than 40 weeks have a significantly better long-term prognosis.

Written by:

Yu EY, Gulati R, Telesca D, Jiang P, Tam S, Russell KJ, Nelson PS, Etzioni RD, Higano CS. Are you the author?

Reference: J Clin Oncol. 2010 Apr 26. Epub ahead of print.

doi: 10.1200/JCO.2009.25.1330

PubMed Abstract

PMID: 20421544 Forum: Primary hormone therapy Title: In intermittent ADT, first off-treatment period <40 weeks not good.

This extract can be found on http://PubMed.com, and is in the public domain.

On PubMed.com there will be a link to the full paper (often $30, sometimes free).

Any highlighting (except the title) is not by the author, but by Jim Marshall.

Jim is not a doctor.

This page was found on the Advanced Prostate Cancer Community for Australian men at http://advancedprost...lia.ipbhost.com.

The link is hard to remember.

An easier way to find it is to go to JimJimJimJim.com and click on Prostate.

That's the word Jim four times, no spaces, followed by .com.

If you need other help - to perhaps find someone to talk to or a local support group:

Click on the Contact Jim button at http://JimJimJimJim.com.

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