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In mice Selenium and Vitamin E did not work, except in the presence of lyocpene


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Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2009 May;2(5):473-83. Epub 2009 Apr 28.

A combination of micronutrients is beneficial in reducing the incidence of prostate cancer and increasing survival in the Lady transgenic model.

Venkateswaran V, Klotz LH, Ramani M, Sugar LM, Jacob LE, Nam RK, Fleshner NE.


Division of Urology, S-118B, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. vasundara.venkateswaran@sunnybrook.ca


We have previously shown that administration of a combination of micronutrients (selenium, vitamin E, and lycopene) inhibits prostate cancer (PCa) development in the Lady transgenic model. In the present study, we examine timing of initiation of micronutrients, and the effect of micronutrient combinations, on PCa development in Lady transgenic model. Transgenic males were randomized to either a control diet; control diet supplemented with human equivalent doses of vitamin E, selenium, and lycopene (E+S+L); or control diet supplemented with vitamin E and selenium (E+S). In separate experiments, the combination of E+S+L was initiated at varying time points (4, 8, 20, and 36 weeks of age). A combination of E+S+L resulted in a significant reduction in PCa and liver metastasis when intervention was commenced within 8 weeks of age (P < 0.0001). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a strong correlation between disease-free state with up-regulation of the prognostic marker p27(Kip1) (P < 0.0001) and decreased expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and significantly increased apoptotic index (P < 0.0001). On the contrary, a combination of E+S was not effectual in preventing PCa, with a high proportion (84.6%) of animals developing PCa and a small proportion (11.5%) developing high-grade PIN. Early commencement of micronutrients (E+S+L) is beneficial in reducing PCa. Lycopene is an essential component of the combination and effective (when used with E+S) for PCa prevention. These observations provide support for their chemopreventive effect and some clues about their mechanism of action. These key findings will be complementary to the outcome from the Selenium and Vitamin E Chemoprevention Trial. PMID:19401531

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