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HDR brachy boost - magic number?

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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 Oct 1;66(2):416-23. Epub 2006 Jul 31.

High-dose irradiation for prostate cancer via a high-dose-rate brachytherapy boost: results of a phase I to II study.

Vargas CE, Martinez AA, Boike TP, Spencer W, Goldstein N, Gustafson GS, Krauss DJ, Gonzalez J.

Radiation Oncology Department, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes of intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer patients on a prospective dose-escalation study of pelvic external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) combined with high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy boost. METHODS: From November 1991 to April 2003, 197 patients were treated for intermediate- and high-risk disease features. All patients had prostate-specific antigen>10 ng/ml, Gleason score>or=7, or clinical stage>or=T2b, and all received pelvic EBRT (46 Gy) while receiving either two or three HDR boost treatments. HDR dose fractionation increased progressively and was divided into two dose levels. The mean prostate biologic equivalency dose was 88.2 Gy for the low-dose group and 116.8 Gy [me] for the high-dose group (alpha/beta=1.2). Clinical failure was either local failure or distant metastasis; clinical event-free survival (cEFS) was defined as patients who lived free of clinical failure.

RESULTS: Median follow-up was 4.9 years. The 5-year rates were as follows: biologic failure (BF), 18.6%, clinical failure (CF), 9.8%, cEFS 84.8%, cause-specific survival (CSS), 98.3%, and overall survival (OS), 92.9%. Five-year biochemical failure (68.7% vs. 86%, p<0.001), CF (6.1% vs. 15.6%, p=0.04), cEFS (75.5% vs. 91.7%, p=0.003), CSS (95.4% vs. 100%, p=0.02), and OS (86.2% vs. 97.8%, p=0.002) were significantly better for the high-dose group. Multivariate analysis showed that high-dose group (p=0.01, HR 0.35) and Gleason score (p=0.01, HR 1.84) were significant variables for cEFS. Multivariate analysis showed that high-dose group (p=0.01, HR 0.14) and age (p=0.03, HR 1.09 per year) were significant variables for overall survival. CONCLUSION: There is a strong dose-response relationship for intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer patients. Improved locoregional control with higher radiation doses alone can significantly decrease biochemical and clinical failures.

PMID: 16879929 Forum: Other prostate cancer topics including radiation Title: HDR brachy boost - magic number?

This extract can be found on http://PubMed.com, and is in the public domain.

On PubMed.com there will be a link to the full paper (often $30, sometimes free).

Any highlighting (except the title) is not by the author, but by Jim Marshall.

Jim is not a doctor.

This page was found on the Advanced Prostate Cancer Community for Australian men at http://advancedprost...lia.ipbhost.com.

The link is hard to remember.

An easier way to find it is to go to JimJimJimJim.com and click on Prostate.

That's the word Jim four times, no spaces, followed by .com.

If you need other help - to perhaps find someone to talk to or a local support group:

Click on the Contact Jim button at http://JimJimJimJim.com.

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