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Most men die with prostate cancer, not of it


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Impact of biochemical recurrence in prostate cancer among US veterans - Abstract

Friday, 27 August 2010

Surgical Urology and Medical Service, VA Clinical Epidemiology Research Center, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Ave, 151B, West Haven, CT 06516, USA.

Among men treated for prostate cancer, increasing prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is known as biochemical failure or biochemical recurrence (BCR). The impact of BCR on subsequent mortality is uncertain, however, especially given competing causes of death.

To describe patterns of BCR and subsequent mortality, we conducted an observational study in a community-based, "high-comorbidity" setting of 623 US veterans diagnosed as having prostate cancer from 1991 to 1995 and receiving radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy. The main outcome measures were BCR, defined as a PSA level of 0.4 ng/mL or higher (treated with surgery) or "PSA nadir+2 ng/mL" (treated with radiation therapy), and prostate cancer mortality, determined through 2006.

With 5-, 10-, and 15-year follow-up periods, respectively (for all results shown herein), the cumulative incidence of BCR after prostatectomy (n=225) was 34%, 37%, and 37%; prostate cancer mortality among men who failed treatment (n=81) was 3%, 11%, and 21%. Among men receiving radiation therapy (n=398), the cumulative incidence of BCR was 35%, 46%, and 48%; prostate cancer mortality among those who failed treatment (n=161) was 11%, 20%, and 42%. Overall, BCR was associated with an increased risk of death from prostate cancer in the study population, but the individual probability of this outcome was relatively low.

Biochemical recurrence is associated with increased prostate cancer mortality, yet when BCR occurs only a minority of men subsequently die of their disease. The phrase "most men die with prostate cancer, not of it" applies to elderly veterans, even after failure of primary treatment. New strategies for defining and managing treatment failure in prostate cancer are needed.

Written by:

Uchio EM, Aslan M, Wells CK, Calderone J, Concato J.

Reference: Arch Intern Med. 2010 Aug 9;170(15):1390-5.

doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2010.262

PubMed Abstract

PMID: 20696967 Forum: Primary hormone therapy Title: Most men die with prostate cancer, not of it

This extract can be found on http://PubMed.com, and is in the public domain.

On PubMed.com there will be a link to the full paper (often $30, sometimes free).

Any highlighting (except the title) is not by the author, but by Jim Marshall.

Jim is not a doctor.

This page was found on the Advanced Prostate Cancer Community for Australian men at http://advancedprost...lia.ipbhost.com.

The link is hard to remember.

An easier way to find it is to go to JimJimJimJim.com and click on Prostate.

That's the word Jim four times, no spaces, followed by .com.

If you need other help - to perhaps find someone to talk to or a local support group:

Click on the Contact Jim button at http://JimJimJimJim.com.

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