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As mentioned in today's teleconference, I am a consumer representative on a research project being conducted at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research in Sydney into better management of active surveillance using epigenetics. Epigenetics is about whether genes are turned on or off, rather than whether they are there or not (genetics). One of the major epigenetic mechanisms is methylation, the addition of methyl groups to the DNA strands. If they are added near individual genes, they can turn off the activity of that gene. Researchers are also doing an ep