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Nilutamide after primary ADT failure


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JimmyToowong

J Urol. 2003 May;169(5):1742-4.

Nilutamide as second line hormone therapy for prostate cancer (after androgen ablation fails).

Kassouf W, Tanguay S, Aprikian AG.

Source

Montreal General Hospital and McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We investigate the prostate specific antigen (PSA) response rate with nilutamide as a second line hormonal agent in patients with advanced prostate cancer in whom androgen ablation failed.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

From 1998 to 2001, 28 patients with hormone resistant prostate cancer were treated with nilutamide as second line hormonal therapy. Average patient age +/- SD was 72.9 +/- 9.1 years. Median time from diagnosis of cancer to hormone failure was 48 months (range 2 to 120). Median followup from initiation of nilutamide therapy was 26 months (range 15 to 44). All patients had previously received at least 1 antiandrogen (flutamide or bicalutamide) in addition to medical or surgical castration, which failed.

RESULTS:

Upon initiation of nilutamide therapy 18 of the 28 patients (64%) had an initial reduction in PSA and 8 (29%) sustained a PSA response (greater than 50% decrease) beyond 3 months (range 3 to 21). PSA response to nilutamide in patients with a previous antiandrogen withdrawal response versus nonresponse was 100% and 18%, respectively. In 10 of the 28 patients, (36%) PSA continued to increase. Interstitial pneumonitis developed, in 1 patient and 5 had nonspecific complaints (headaches, nausea, dizziness). During followup 6 of the 28 patients died 1 of whom was a nilutamide responder. No patient died while on nilutamide.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nilutamide can achieve a significant sustained PSA response with a favorable toxicity profile. Patients with a previous antiandrogen withdrawal response have a significantly greater chance of responding to nilutamide.

Comment in

J Urol. 2003 May;169(5):1745-6.

PMID: 12686822 Forum: Secondary hormone therapy Title: Nilutamide after primary ADT failure

This extract can be found on http://PubMed.com, and is in the public domain.

On PubMed.com there will be a link to the full paper (often $30, sometimes free).

Any highlighting (except the title) is not by the author, but by Jim Marshall.

Jim is not a doctor.

This page was found on the Advanced Prostate Cancer Community for Australian men at http://advancedprost...lia.ipbhost.com.

The link is hard to remember.

An easier way to find it is to go to JimJimJimJim.com and click on Prostate.

That's the word Jim four times, no spaces, followed by .com.

If you need other help - to perhaps find someone to talk to or a local support group:

Click on the Contact Jim button at http://JimJimJimJim.com.

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  • 6 years later...

For pauldhodson

I cant find the link you were hoping to follow for Nilutamide but following is a copy of the second article.

I have not tried the links in this article. You might find some of them are out of date.

  •  

J Urol. 2003 May;169(5):1742-4.

Nilutamide as second line hormone therapy for prostate cancer (after androgen ablation fails).

Kassouf W, Tanguay S, Aprikian AG.

Source

Montreal General Hospital and McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We investigate the prostate specific antigen (PSA) response rate with nilutamide as a second line hormonal agent in patients with advanced prostate cancer in whom androgen ablation failed.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

From 1998 to 2001, 28 patients with hormone resistant prostate cancer were treated with nilutamide as second line hormonal therapy. Average patient age +/- SD was 72.9 +/- 9.1 years. Median time from diagnosis of cancer to hormone failure was 48 months (range 2 to 120). Median followup from initiation of nilutamide therapy was 26 months (range 15 to 44). All patients had previously received at least 1 antiandrogen (flutamide or bicalutamide) in addition to medical or surgical castration, which failed.

RESULTS:

Upon initiation of nilutamide therapy 18 of the 28 patients (64%) had an initial reduction in PSA and 8 (29%) sustained a PSA response (greater than 50% decrease) beyond 3 months (range 3 to 21). PSA response to nilutamide in patients with a previous antiandrogen withdrawal response versus nonresponse was 100% and 18%, respectively. In 10 of the 28 patients, (36%) PSA continued to increase. Interstitial pneumonitis developed, in 1 patient and 5 had nonspecific complaints (headaches, nausea, dizziness). During followup 6 of the 28 patients died 1 of whom was a nilutamide responder. No patient died while on nilutamide.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nilutamide can achieve a significant sustained PSA response with a favorable toxicity profile. Patients with a previous antiandrogen withdrawal response have a significantly greater chance of responding to nilutamide.

Comment in

J Urol. 2003 May;169(5):1745-6.

PMID: 12686822 Forum: Secondary hormone therapy Title: Nilutamide after primary ADT failure

This extract can be found on http://PubMed.com, and is in the public domain.

On PubMed.com there will be a link to the full paper (often $30, sometimes free).

Any highlighting (except the title) is not by the author, but by Jim Marshall.

 

 

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